Carlisle and the Literary Fund save Nicholson from a pauper’s funeral

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Driving along at lunchtime today, Radio 4 reported on thenumber of public health funerals being paid for by local authorities at anaverage cost of £1,403.

Often called a pauper’s funeral, nowadays the localauthority will pay for a basic burial when there is no family, or the familycannot afford to pay for funeral arrangements. There have also been stories in the media of people crowdfunding thecost of a funeral.

Neither of these were an option for Catherine Nicholson,when William died at their home in Charlotte Street, Bloomsbury on Monday 21May 1815.

Their eldest son had left home to work in North Yorkshire,for Lord Middleton, but described how ‘My brother remained with him to the lastand Carlisle attended him.’   

Old friend, and co-discoverer of electrolysis, AnthonyCarlisle was at this time the Professor of Anatomy of the Royal Society and inthis same year, he was appointed to the Council of the College of Surgeons wherefor many years he was a curator of their Hunterian Museum.

Nicholson reportedly drank nothing except water since he wastwenty years of age, which Carlisle said was the cause of his kidney problems

Despite his sober approach to life and earning well aboveaverage for the time, there were also substantial outgoings for ‘a family often or twelve grown up people, adequate servants and a house like acaravansary.’

On the day of Nicholson’s death, Carlisle saw theimpoverished circumstances of the family and appealed to the John Symmonds atthe Literary Fund (now the Royal LiteraryFund) to help:

‘Poor Nicholson the celebratedauthor, and man of science, died this morning. His family are in the deepest poverty, and I doubt even the credit orthe means to bury him.’

I have set a person to apply tothe Literary Fund, pray second that application and recommend it to theirbounty to be as liberal as their affairs and their rules will permit.’

The next day John Symmonds voted through a grant of £21 forCatherine Nicholson in respect of Nicholson’s talents and industriousness,writing ‘I am extremely desirous that something should be done, mostnecessarily of that society’ … ‘As he neither prepared for his dispatch, youare written that no time must be lost’.

Once funeral costs were paid, £21 cannot have lasted long,and Catherine Nicholson moved to 11 Grange Street from where she wrote to thankthe Literary Fund for ‘the generous respect they were pleased to have for herlate husband's abilities’.

Nicholson was buried on 23 May 1815 in St George’s Fields,Bloomsbury, (now St George’sGardens) one of the first burial grounds to be established at a distancefrom its church due to the growing problem of overcrowding in Londongraveyards.

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The Life of William Nicholson, 1753–1815

A Memoir of Enlightenment, Commerce, Politics, Arts and Science

Edited by Sue Durrell and with an afterword by Professor Frank James

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